I am working on a business plan that involves the installation of one or more vacuum kilns. I need a ballpark figure for the energy cost per board foot of red oak.
Also, can I estimate the life of this equipment for amortization?
(Sawing and Drying Forum)
From contributor A:
I have a spreadsheet which lets me calculate a pretty wide range of items, one of which is the energy use per various qualifications. Keep in mind that every vacuum kiln is different. A discontinuous vacuum uses a different amount compared to an RF kiln compared to a Woodmizer compared to our VacDry kilns.
That said, a typical VacDry costs about $19.50 per 1000 boardfeet when drying 4/4 material such as Red Oak and paying $0.13/kW. 8/4 pushes this up to roughly $29, and 12/4 to $68 (the cost per 1M rises in line with the length of the schedule). That amount doesn't factor in any costing for a heat source, but it does include the control panel, the heating and vacuum pumps, and a standard cooling tower system.
For each of our VacDry kilns, every component is sized for the specific capacity and drying rate of that kiln. The energy costs scale practically linearly along the range of sizes we manufacture. To the best of my knowledge, our energy use versus drying rate is the lowest in the vacuum kiln industry. Therefore, your mileage may vary. My spreadsheet says it would cost $180 for a 75% efficient fuel oil boiler to dry 3500 boardfeet calculated roughly via the total water and BTU's required, at $2.33 a gallon for the fuel, so very roughly $52 per 1M. Total for this hypothetical system: $70.91 per 1M; or $19.50 per 1M with a woodwaste boiler.
We started a new 4000 bf kiln last week. It is drying HM baseball bat billets at an Amish mill. The source of heat is a little outdoor boiler. We have also used plant steam. We are about to ship another kiln to Hawaii where burning is out and energy is expensive. Their heat will be from a little gas boiler that is rated at 92% efficiency.
Comment from contributor W:
We have three vacuum kilns currently at our operation. I have found the cost to be fairly insignificant, as we use a small wood fired. The cost for labor exceeds the cost of drying for us, as it is very labor intensive to load and unload.